Not surprisingly, after the cyber-attacks that occurred at a couple (or perhaps few) large retailers over the holidays there has been much discussion about the need to ramp up efforts to protect against such attacks. According to a Guide entitled Cybersecurity in the Golden State that was recently issued by California Attorney General Kamala D. Harris, "[i]n just the first three months of 2013, there were more than one billion Cyberattacks," and "[i]n 2012, 50 percent of all targeted attacks were aimed at businesses with fewer than 2,500 employees." It might surprise you, but according to the Guide, "[s]ecurity threats can be broadly categorized in to the following categories:
1. Social Engineering ScamsThe Guide is directed at small businesses to assist them in protecting against cyber-attacks and data breaches. It outlines recommendations for "businesses to help protect against and respond to the increasing threat of malware, data breaches and other cyber risks." More specifically, a "cyber-attack" (aka "cyber-warfare" or "cyber-terrorism") is generally understood to include "any type of offensive maneuver employed by individuals or whole organizations that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, computer networks, and/or personal computer devices by various means of malicious acts usually originating from an anonymous source that either steals, alters, or destroys a specified target by hacking into a susceptible system." Examples of cyber-attacks include installing spyware on a personal computer or mobile device.
2. Network Braches
3. Physical Breaches
4. Mobile Breaches