On January 29, 2016, the Texas Supreme Court, in Railroad Commission of Texas v. Gulf Energy Exploration Corporation, unanimously reversed a decision of the Court of Appeals for the Thirteenth District (Corpus Christi) which had sustained the liability of the Texas Railroad Commission for the erroneous plugging of an abandoned offshore well, and remanded the matter for a new trial. Under Chapter 89 of the Texas Natural Resources Code, one of the Commission’s responsibilities is to protect Texas’ land and water from pollution by providing additional means to plug abandoned wells. Chapter 89 also provides a “liability defense” to those engaged in plugging operations in good faith.
The Texas Supreme Court ruled that the Commission was entitled to have the jury assess its good faith defense. Interestingly, the Texas Supreme Court also held that the “good faith” defense will also apply to Gulf Energy Exploration Corporation’s breach of contract claim against the Commission, and that the defense is not limited to tort actions.
In January 2008, the Commission ordered an operator, American Coastal Enterprises (ACE), to plug a number of wells it operated in the Gulf of Mexico. However, ACE encountered substantial financial difficulties, and in fact it declared bankruptcy in March 2008. This development compelled the Commission to take on the job of plugging these wells, and the Commission engaged a contractor to perform this task. At this time, Gulf became the lessee of the offshore area in which these wells were located, and expressed an interest to the Commission in taking over the operation of these wells. An oral agreement to this effect was made, and the Commission agreed to delay plugging of four of the wells covered by its plugging order. The oral agreement was put in writing in June 2008, and the Commission issued new orders to supersede the orders it had issued to ACE, transferring operating authority to Gulf. Unfortunately, in May 2008, one of the wells was mistakenly plugged by the Commission’s contractor, who was acting at the direction of Commission staff.
Gulf then sought and received legislative consent from the Texas Legislature to sue the Commission for no more than $2.5 million in damages, subject to the relevant provisions of the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code. A lawsuit was filed and tried, and during the course of the trial the Commission asked the judge to submit to the jury an instruction based on the “good faith” defense set forth in Chapter 89. The trial court refused, and this decision was upheld by the Court of Appeals, along with the multi-million dollar judgment.
According to the Texas Supreme Court, Chapter 89’s reference to “good faith” applies to “conduct that is honest in fact and free of both improper motive and willful ignorance of the facts at hand.” Since the facts pertaining to the asserted good faith are disputed, the case was remanded to the trial court for a new trial. It remains to be seen whether the jury will be sympathetic to the Commission.
Photo: Noe Alfaro, Flag of Texas – Creative Commons